The Father and the Son are actually one and the same person.
The first of all commandments says: “Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one!” (Deuteronomy 6:4). If the Lord our God is one, how then can we talk of the Trinity? How can we explain the divinity of Jesus? God says to Jesus: “Your throne, O God, is forever and ever.” (Psalm 45:6).
An actor dressed as Jesus Christ carries a cross, as he reenacts the crucifixion walk, along the cobble streets of Old San Juan during the Good Friday procession in San Juan, Puerto Rico on March 30, 2018. / AFP PHOTO /
Is Jesus God? How can he be God if there is only one God?
Names of God
All the Jehovah names of God are applicable to Jesus.
For example, God is Jehovah Mekaddsh; the Lord who sanctifies his people. (Exodus 31:12-13). Jesus is our sanctifier: “We have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ.” (Hebrews 10:10). God is Jehovah Nissi; The Lord our banner of victory. (Exodus 17:15-16). So is Jesus: “Thanks be to God, who gives us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ.” (1 Corinthians 15:57).
God is Jehovah Rhoi; the Lord our shepherd. (Psalm 23:1). Jesus says: “I am the good shepherd.” (John 10:11). God is Jehovah Shalom; the Lord is peace.” (Judges 6:24). Jesus is the Prince of Peace. (Isaiah 9:6). God is Jehovah Shammah; the Lord is there. (Ezekiel 48:35). Jesus is Immanuel: “God with us.’” (Matthew 1:23).
Jesus says: “I have come in my Father’s name.” (John 5:43). This means Jesus is also God’s name. Jesus means God is salvation. Jehovah means the same thing. Jesus is simply the English transliteration of the Hebrew name Jehovah. But how come God and Jesus have the same names?
Jesus says to God: “Holy Father, you have given me your name.” (John 17:11). Paul says God gave to Jesus: “The name which is above every name, that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow.” (Philippians 2:9-10). Only the name of God can be above every other name. Therefore, Jesus is also the name of God.
Isaiah says: “For unto us a Child is born, unto us a Son is given; and the government will be upon his shoulder. And his name will be called Wonderful, Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.” (Isaiah 9:6).
All these names are also attributed to God in the scriptures. God’s name is Wonderful. (Judges 13:18). He is Counselor. (Isaiah 25:1). He is Mighty God. (Jeremiah 32:18). He is Prince of Peace. (Romans 16:20).
The Son Jesus given to us is also the Everlasting Father. (Isaiah 9:6). Elsewhere, Isaiah says: “You, O Lord, are our Father; our Redeemer from Everlasting is your name.” (Isaiah 63:16). This means Jesus and God the Father are not two persons but one and the same.
God is omnipresent: he can be in several places at the same time. So is Jesus: “Where two or three are gathered together in my name, I am there in the midst of them.” (Matthew 18:20). So could God have sent himself to earth in the person of Jesus, while remaining in heaven at the same time? Certainly! “For with God nothing will be impossible.” (Luke 1:37).
Jesus says to Nicodemus: “No one has ascended to heaven but he who came down from heaven, that is, the Son of Man who is in heaven.” (John 3:13). In effect, the son of man talking to Nicodemus here on earth, is in heaven at the same time simultaneously.
John says of Jesus: “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.” (John 1:1). If Jesus was God, then Jesus is God. God says: “I am the Lord, I do not change.” (Malachi 3:6). Neither does Jesus. He is: “the same yesterday, today, and forever.” (Hebrews 13:8).
The four living creatures who stand around the throne of God say continually: “Holy, holy, holy, Lord God Almighty, who was and is and is to come!” (Revelation 4:8). However, the Lord God Almighty on the throne turns out to be Jesus. Jesus says to John: “I am the Alpha and the Omega, the Beginning and the End, who is and who was and who is to come, the Almighty.” (Revelation 1:8).
This means the throne of God is also the throne of Jesus: “He showed me a pure river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding from the throne of God and of the Lamb.” (Revelation 22:1). Sometimes Jesus is pictured seating on the throne. (Revelation 4:8). Sometimes he is said to be seated at God’s right hand. (Mark 16:19).
But then David reveals that Jesus sitting at God’s right hand will be temporary and not permanent: “The Lord said to my Lord, sit at my right hand, till I make your enemies your footstool.” (Psalm 110:1). Where will Jesus seat when God’s enemies have become his footstool?
Paul provides the answer: “When all things are made subject to him, then the Son himself will also be subject to him who put all things under him, that God may be all in all.” (1 Corinthians 15:28). I take this to mean the Father and the Son will merge: “that God may be all in all.” Christ will no longer be at God’s right hand but on the throne, for it is Christ himself “who fills all in all.” (Ephesians 1:22).
Thus, Jesus is sometimes the Son and sometimes the Father. He says, on the one hand, if we ask anything in his name, the Father will do it. (John 16:23). Then he says, on the other hand, if we ask anything in his name, he will do it himself. (John 14:14). He says he is the son but sometimes he speaks as the Father: “Son, your sins are forgiven you.” (Mark 2:5). “Daughter, your faith has made you well.” (Mark 5:34).
Again, this is because the Father and the Son are actually one and the same person. When he is on earth talking to the Father in heaven, he is talking to himself. But even more importantly, he is simply demonstrating to us how we should relate to God.
Mystery of godliness
For this reason, Paul says of Jesus: “Without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifested in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen by angels, preached among the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up in glory.” (1 Timothy 3:16). He also refers to Jesus as: “Our great God and Savior Jesus Christ.” (Titus 2:13).
God says: “My glory I will not give to another.” (Isaiah 42:8). If so, Jesus must be God because he shares in the glory of God. He says: “The Son of Man will come in the glory of his Father.” (Matthew 16:27). He says to God: “O Father, glorify me together with yourself, with the glory which I had with you before the world was.” (John 17:5).
God cannot not lie; neither does he contradict himself. When he gave his glory to Jesus, he did not give it to another; he gave it to himself. As a matter of fact, Jesus says: “I and my Father are one.” (John 10:30). He tells Philip: “He who has seen me has seen the Father.. I am in the Father and the Father in me.” (John 14:9-11).